samba password server POMOC

Sekcia: Aplikácie & Desktop 18.08.2005 | 17:23
franta77   Návštevník
Zdravim, potrebuji pomoci: chtel bych moji sambu nakonfigorovat tak, aby mi hned kdyz sa nekdo pripoji na muj linux server, tak aby hned ptalo heslo => aby nezobrazovalo pricinky ale najprve ptalo heslo a az potom bylo videt vsechny sdilene veci. Nevite nekdo kde to mam v smb.conf nastavit nebo jak na to? Diky.
    • Re: samba password server POMOC 14.08.2005 | 14:24
      Avatar borg Arch, Debian jessie  Administrátor
      do [global] sekcie: encrypt passwords = yes passdb backend = smbpasswd security = user smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd uzivatelia sa pridavaju pomocou prikazu (z root konta): smbpasswd -a uzivate
      • Re: Re: samba password server POMOC 14.08.2005 | 17:43
        kajo   Návštevník
        a jak to vyzera ked sa niekdo pripoji z win? jak si to vypyta heslo na wine? netreba tam este neaky *.bat?
        • Re: Re: Re: samba password server POMOC 14.08.2005 | 17:47
          Avatar borg Arch, Debian jessie  Administrátor
          myslis z windows workstation an linux samba server? normalne, hodi ti do dialog kde treba zadat meno uzivatela a jeho heslo. nic netreba konfigurovat na win stanici, iba do akej domeny patri.
      • Re: Re: samba password server POMOC 14.08.2005 | 17:57
        franta77   Návštevník
        Hmmm, tak tohle bych i vedel, jenze ja potrebuji aby mi kdyz natukam IP adresu servru, tak hned pta heslo a potom kdyz ho napisu, tak vidim vsechno sdileni.
        • Re: Re: Re: samba password server POMOC 14.08.2005 | 17:58
          franta77   Návštevník
          Takze jak? povezte mi co mam smenit v smb.conf aby to slapalo plsss
          • Re: Re: Re: Re: samba password server POMOC 15.08.2005 | 19:05
            franta77   Návštevník
            Takze jak? Co pak mi tu nikdo neumi poradit?
            • Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: samba password server POMOC 15.08.2005 | 19:15
              f1   Návštevník
              daj sem tvoj konfigurak smb.conf....a potom uvidime...
              • Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: samba password server POMO 15.08.2005 | 19:30
                franta77   Návštevník
                Je trosilinku dlouhy ale doufam ze to nevadi :) # This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the # smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed # here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too # many!) most of which are not shown in this example # # Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash) # is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a # # for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you # may wish to enable # # NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm" # to check that you have not made any basic syntactic errors. # #======================= Global Settings ===================================== [global] # 1. Server Naming Options: # workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name workgroup = aerial_lan # netbios name is the name you will see in "Network Neighbourhood", # but defaults to your hostname netbios name = Linux server # server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field server string = Samba # Message command is run by samba when a "popup" message is sent to it. # The example below is for use with LinPopUp: ; message command = /usr/bin/linpopup "%f" "%m" %s; rm %s # 2. Printing Options: # CHANGES TO ENABLE PRINTING ON ALL CUPS PRINTERS IN THE NETWORK # (as cups is now used in linux-mandrake 7.2 by default) # if you want to automatically load your printer list rather # than setting them up individually then you'll need this # printcap name = cups # load printers = no # It should not be necessary to spell out the print system type unless # yours is non-standard. Currently supported print systems include: # bsd, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx, cups # printing = cups # Samba 2.2 supports the Windows NT-style point-and-print feature. To # use this, you need to be able to upload print drivers to the samba # server. The printer admins (or root) may install drivers onto samba. # Note that this feature uses the print$ share, so you will need to # enable it below. # printer admin = @ # printer admin = @adm # This should work well for winbind: # printer admin = @"Domain Admins" # 3. Logging Options: # this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine # that connects log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m # Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb). max log size = 50 # Set the log (verbosity) level (0 <= log level <= 10) # log level = 3 # 4. Security and Domain Membership Options: # This option is important for security. It allows you to restrict # connections to machines which are on your local network. The # following example restricts access to two C class networks and # the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax see # the smb.conf man page. Do not enable this if (tcp/ip) name resolution does # not work for all the hosts in your network. # hosts allow = 192.168.1. 192.168.2. 127. # Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add this to /etc/passwd # otherwise the user "nobody" is used guest account = nobody # Allow users to map to guest: map to guest = bad user # Security mode. Most people will want user level security. See # security_level.txt for details. security = user # Use password server option only with security = server or security = domain # When using security = domain, you should use password server = * # password server = # password server = * # # Password Level allows matching of _n_ characters of the password for # all combinations of upper and lower case. # password level = 8 # username level = 8 # You may wish to use password encryption. Please read # ENCRYPTION.txt, Win95.txt and WinNT.txt in the Samba documentation. # Do not enable this option unless you have read those documents # Encrypted passwords are required for any use of samba in a Windows NT domain # The smbpasswd file is only required by a server doing authentication, thus # members of a domain do not need one. encrypt passwords = yes smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd # The following are needed to allow password changing from Windows to # also update the Linux system password. # NOTE: Use these with 'encrypt passwords' and 'smb passwd file' above. # NOTE2: You do NOT need these to allow workstations to change only # the encrypted SMB passwords. They allow the Unix password # to be kept in sync with the SMB password. unix password sync = Yes # You either need to setup a passwd program and passwd chat, or # enable pam password change ; pam password change = yes # passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd '%u' ; passwd chat = *New*UNIX*password* %n\n *Re*ype*new*UNIX*password* %n\n \ ;*passwd:*all*authentication*tokens*updated*successfully* # Unix users can map to different SMB User names ; username map = /etc/samba/smbusers # Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration # on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name # of the machine that is connecting # include = /etc/samba/smb.conf.%m # Options for using winbind. Winbind allows you to do all account and # authentication from a Windows or samba domain controller, creating # accounts on the fly, and maintaining a mapping of Windows RIDs to unix uid's # and gid's. winbind uid and winbind gid are the only required parameters. # # winbind uid is the range of uid's winbind can use when mapping RIDs to uid's # idmap uid = 10000-20000 # # winbind gid is the range of uid's winbind can use when mapping RIDs to gid's # idmap gid = 10000-20000 # # winbind separator is the character a user must use between their domain # name and username, defaults to "\" # winbind separator = + # # winbind use default domain allows you to have winbind return usernames # in the form user instead of DOMAIN+user for the domain listed in the # workgroup parameter. # winbind use default domain = yes # # template homedir determines the home directory for winbind users, with # %D expanding to their domain name and %U expanding to their username: # template homedir = /home/%D/%U # When using winbind, you may want to have samba create home directories # on the fly for authenticated users. Ensure that /etc/pam.d/samba is # using 'service=system-auth-winbind' in pam_stack modules, and then # enable obedience of pam restrictions below: # obey pam restrictions = yes # # template shell determines the shell users authenticated by winbind get # template shell = /bin/bash # 5. Browser Control and Networking Options: # Most people will find that this option gives better performance. # See speed.txt and the manual pages for details socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192 # Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces # If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list them # here. See the man page for details. # interfaces = 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24 # Configure remote browse list synchronisation here # request announcement to, or browse list sync from: # a specific host or from / to a whole subnet (see below) # remote browse sync = 192.168.3.25 192.168.5.255 # Cause this host to announce itself to local subnets here # remote announce = 192.168.1.255 192.168.2.44 # set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master # browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply # local master = no # OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser # elections. The default value should be reasonable # os level = 33 # Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This # allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this # if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job # domain master = yes # Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup # and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election # preferred master = yes # 6. Domain Control Options: # Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server for # Windows95 workstations or Primary Domain Controller for WinNT and Win2k # domain logons = yes # if you enable domain logons then you may want a per-machine or # per user logon script # run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine) # logon script = %m.bat # run a specific logon batch file per username # logon script = %u.bat # Where to store roaming profiles for WinNT and Win2k # %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %u is username # You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below # logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%u # Where to store roaming profiles for Win9x. Be careful with this as it also # impacts where Win2k finds it's /HOME share # logon home = \\%L\%u\.profile # The add user script is used by a domain member to add local user accounts # that have been authenticated by the domain controller, or when adding # users via the Windows NT Tools (ie User Manager for Domains). # Scripts for file (passwd, smbpasswd) backend: # add user script = /usr/sbin/useradd -s /bin/false '%u' # delete user script = /usr/sbin/userdel '%s' # add user to group script = /usr/bin/gpasswd -a '%u' '%g' # delete user from group script = /usr/bin/gpasswd -d '%u' '%g' # set primary group script = /usr/sbin/usermod -g '%g' '%u' # add group script = /usr/sbin/groupadd %g && getent group '%g'|awk -F: '{print $3}' # delete group script = /usr/sbin/groupdel '%g' # Scripts for LDAP backend (assumes nss_ldap is in use on the domain controller, # and needs configuration in smbldap_conf.pm # add user script = /usr/share/samba/scripts/smbldap-useradd.pl '%u' # delete user script = /usr/share/samba/scripts/smbldap-userdel.pl '%u' # add user to group script = /usr/share/samba/scripts/smbldap-groupmod.pl -m '%u' '%g' # delete user from group script = /usr/share/samba/scripts/smbldap-groupmod.pl -x '%u' '%g' # set primary group script = /usr/share/samba/scripts/smbldap-usermod.pl -g '%g' '%u' # add group script = /usr/share/samba/scripts/smbldap-groupadd.pl '%g' && /usr/share/samba/scripts/smbldap-groupshow.pl %g|awk '/^gidNumber:/ {print $2}' # delete group script = /usr/share/samba/scripts/smbldap-userdel.pl '%g' # The add machine script is use by a samba server configured as a domain # controller to add local machine accounts when adding machines to the domain. # The script must work from the command line when replacing the macros, # or the operation will fail. Check that groups exist if forcing a group. # Script for domain controller for adding machines: # add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -d /dev/null -g machines -c 'Machine Account' -s /bin/false -M '%u' # Script for domain controller with LDAP backend for adding machines (please # configure in /etc/samba/smbldap_conf.pm first): # add machine script = /usr/share/samba/scripts/smbldap-useradd.pl -w -d /dev/null -g machines -c 'Machine Account' -s /bin/false '%u' # Domain groups: # Domain groups are now configured by using the 'net groupmap' tool # Samba Password Database configuration: # Samba now has runtime-configurable password database backends. Multiple # passdb backends may be used, but users will only be added to the first one # Default: # passdb backend = smbpasswd guest # TDB backen with fallback to smbpasswd and guest # passdb backend = tdbsam smbpasswd guest # LDAP with fallback to smbpasswd guest # Enable SSL by using an ldaps url, or enable tls with 'ldap ssl' below. # passdb backend = ldapsam:ldaps://ldap.mydomain.com smbpasswd guest # Use the samba2 LDAP schema: # passdb backend = ldapsam_compat:ldaps://ldap.mydomain.com smbpasswd guest # Idmap settings (set idmap uid and idmap gid above): # Idmap backend to use: # idmap backend = ldap:ldap://ldap.mydomain.com # LDAP configuration for Domain Controlling: # The account (dn) that samba uses to access the LDAP server # This account needs to have write access to the LDAP tree # You will need to give samba the password for this dn, by # running 'smbpasswd -w mypassword' # ldap admin dn = cn=root,dc=mydomain,dc=com # ldap ssl = start_tls # start_tls should run on 389, but samba defaults incorrectly to 636 # ldap port = 389 # ldap suffix = dc=mydomain,dc=com # Seperate suffixes are available for machines, users, groups, and idmap, if # ldap suffix appears first, it is appended to the specific suffix. # Example for a unix-ish directory layout: # ldap machine suffix = ou=Hosts # ldap user suffix = ou=People # ldap group suffix = ou=Group # ldap idmap suffix = ou=Idmap # Example for AD-ish layout: # ldap machine suffix = cn=Computers # ldap user suffix = cn=Users # ldap group suffix = cn=Groups # ldap idmap suffix = cn=Idmap # 7. Name Resolution Options: # All NetBIOS names must be resolved to IP Addresses # 'Name Resolve Order' allows the named resolution mechanism to be specified # the default order is "host lmhosts wins bcast". "host" means use the unix # system gethostbyname() function call that will use either /etc/hosts OR # DNS or NIS depending on the settings of /etc/host.config, /etc/nsswitch.conf # and the /etc/resolv.conf file. "host" therefore is system configuration # dependant. This parameter is most often of use to prevent DNS lookups # in order to resolve NetBIOS names to IP Addresses. Use with care! # The example below excludes use of name resolution for machines that are NOT # on the local network segment # - OR - are not deliberately to be known via lmhosts or via WINS. # name resolve order = wins lmhosts bcast # Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section: # WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server # wins support = yes # WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client # Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both # wins server = w.x.y.z # WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on # behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be # at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO. # wins proxy = yes # DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names # via DNS nslookups. The built-in default for versions 1.9.17 is yes, # this has been changed in version 1.9.18 to no. dns proxy = no # 8. File Naming Options: # Case Preservation can be handy - system default is _no_ # NOTE: These can be set on a per share basis # preserve case = no # short preserve case = no # Default case is normally upper case for all DOS files # default case = lower # Be very careful with case sensitivity - it can break things! # case sensitive = no # Enabling internationalization: # you can match a Windows code page with a UNIX character set. # Windows: 437 (US), 737 (GREEK), 850 (Latin1 - Western European), # 852 (Eastern Eu.), 861 (Icelandic), 932 (Cyrillic - Russian), # 936 (Japanese - Shift-JIS), 936 (Simpl. Chinese), 949 (Korean Hangul), # 950 (Trad. Chin.). # UNIX: ISO8859-1 (Western European), ISO8859-2 (Eastern Eu.), # ISO8859-5 (Russian Cyrillic), KOI8-R (Alt-Russ. Cyril.) # This is an example for french users: # dos charset = 850 # unix charset = ISO8859-1 #============================ Share Definitions ============================== [homes] comment = Home Directories browseable = no writable = yes # You can enable VFS recycle bin and on-access virus-scanning on a per # share basis: # Uncomment the next 2 lines (make sure you create a .recycle folder in # the base of the share and ensure all users will have write access to it. # For virus scanning, install samba-vscan-clamav and ensure the clamd service # is running # vfs objects = vscan-clamav recycle # vscan-clamav: config-file = /etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf # Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons # [netlogon] # comment = Network Logon Service # path = /var/lib/samba/netlogon # guest ok = yes # writable = no #Uncomment the following 2 lines if you would like your login scripts to #be created dynamically by ntlogon (check that you have it in the correct #location (the default of the ntlogon rpm available in contribs) #root preexec = /usr/bin/ntlogon -u '%u' -g '%g' -o %a -d /var/lib/samba/netlogon/ #root postexec = rm -f '/var/lib/samba/netlogon/%u.bat' # Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share # the default is to use the user's home directory #[Profiles] # path = /var/lib/samba/profiles # browseable = no # guest ok = yes # writable = yes # This script can be enabled to create profile directories on the fly # You may want to turn off guest acces if you enable this, as it # hasn't been thoroughly tested. #root preexec = PROFILE='/var/lib/samba/profiles/%u'; if [ ! -e $PROFILE ]; \ # then mkdir -pm700 $PROFILE; chown '%u':'%g' $PROFILE;fi # If you want read-only profiles, fake permissions so windows clients think # they have written to the files # vfs objects = fake_perms # NOTE: If you have a CUPS print system there is no need to # specifically define each individual printer. # You must configure the samba printers with the appropriate Windows # drivers on your Windows clients or upload the printer driver to the # server from Windows (NT/2000/XP). On the Samba server no filtering is # done. If you wish that the server provides the driver and the clients # send PostScript ("Generic PostScript Printer" under Windows), you have # to use 'printcap name = cups' or swap the 'print command' line below # with the commented one. Note that print commands only work if not using # 'printing=cups' #[printers] # comment = All Printers # path = /var/spool/samba # browseable = no # to allow user 'guest account' to print. # guest ok = no # writable = no # printable = no # create mode = 0700 # ===================================== # print command: see above for details. # ===================================== # print command = lpr-cups -P %p -o raw %s -r # using client side printer drivers. # print command = lpr-cups -P %p %s # using cups own drivers (use generic PostScript on clients). # If you install drivers on the server, you will want to uncomment this so # clients request the driver use client driver = yes # This share is used for Windows NT-style point-and-print support. # To be able to install drivers, you need to be either root, or listed # in the printer admin parameter above. Note that you also need write access # to the directory and share definition to be able to upload the drivers. # For more information on this, please see the Printing Support Section of # /usr/share/doc/samba-/docs/Samba-HOWTO-Collection.pdf # # A special case is using the CUPS Windows Postscript driver, which allows # all features available via CUPS on the client, by publishing the ppd file # and the cups driver by using the 'cupsaddsmb' tool. This requires the # installation of the CUPS driver (http://www.cups.org/windows.php) # on the server, but doesn't require you to use Windows at all :-). #[print$] # path = /var/lib/samba/printers # browseable = no # write list = @adm root # guest ok = no # inherit permissions = yes # # Settings suitable for Winbind: # # write list = @"Domain Admins" root # # force group = +@"Domain Admins" # A useful application of samba is to make a PDF-generation service # To streamline this, install windows postscript drivers (preferably colour) # on the samba server, so that clients can automatically install them. # Note that this only works if 'printing' is *not* set to 'cups' #[pdf-gen] # path = /var/tmp # guest ok = No # printable = Yes # comment = PDF Generator (only valid users) # printing = bsd # printcap name = cups # #print command = /usr/share/samba/scripts/print-pdf file path win_path recipient IP & # print command = /usr/share/samba/scripts/print-pdf "%s" "%H" "//%L/%u" "%m" "%I" "%J" & # lpq command = /bin/true # A share allowing administrators to set ACLs on, or access for backup purposes # ll files (as root). #[admin] # path = / # admin users = @"Domain Admins" # valid users = @"Domain Admins" # browseable = no # writeable = yes # This one is useful for people to share files ;[tmp] ; comment = Temporary file space ; path = /tmp ; read only = no ; public = yes # A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in # the "staff" group ;[public] ; comment = Public Stuff ; path = /home/samba/public ; public = yes ; writable = no ; write list = @staff # Audited directory through experimental VFS audit.so module: # Uncomment next line. # vfs object = /usr/lib/samba/vfs/audit.so # Other examples. # # A private printer, usable only by Fred. Spool data will be placed in Fred's # home directory. Note that fred must have write access to the spool directory, # wherever it is. ;[skuska] ; comment = test ; valid users = fred ; path = /home/fred ; printer = freds_printer ; writable = yes ; printable = yes # A private directory, usable only by Fred. Note that Fred requires write # access to the directory. ;[fredsdir] comment = Fred's Service path = /usr/somewhere/private valid users = fred public = no writable = yes printable = no # a service which has a different directory for each machine that connects # this allows you to tailor configurations to incoming machines. You could # also use the %u option to tailor it by user name. # The %m gets replaced with the machine name that is connecting. ;[pchome] ; comment = PC Directories ; path = /usr/pc/%m ; public = no ; writable = yes # The following two entries demonstrate how to share a directory so that two # users can place files there that will be owned by the specific users. In this # setup, the directory should be writable by both users and should have the # sticky bit set on it to prevent abuse. Obviously this could be extended to # as many users as required. ;[myshare] ; comment = Mary's and Fred's stuff ; path = /usr/somewhere/shared ; valid users = mary fred ; public = no ; writable = yes ; printable = no ; create mask = 0765 [zdielany adresar] comment = pre vsetkych path = /home/admin/public guest ok = yes public = yes browseable = yes writable = yes
                • Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: samba password server 15.08.2005 | 19:46
                  Avatar borg Arch, Debian jessie  Administrátor
                  skus tam dat: passdb backend = smbpasswd
                • Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: Re: samba password server 15.08.2005 | 23:30
                  peter golis   Návštevník
                  sice neviem preco je nazov sekcie fredsdir zapoznamkovany ak su nezapoznamkovane jeho nastavenia. aj to moze robit problemy.
    • Re: samba password server POMOC 15.08.2005 | 19:50
      f1   Návštevník
      no ak das zdielat adresar napr. dokumenty, tak tento adresar uvidia vsetci v sieti - plati pre kazdy adresar nastaveny v smb.conf - (ale iba to, ze je zdielany - obsah uvidia iba ak zadaju heslo -> parameter browseable=yes/no) Ak nastavis browseable = no, adresar v sieti nikto neuvidi, cize ak si ho chce niekto namapovat musi zadat \\server\zdielany_adresar a potom si to vypyta heslo...win95/98 su v tomto blbe, lebo si sice vypytaju heslo ale usera tam zadat nevies, ten sa musi prihlasit hned pri spustani windowsow (Prihlasenie do siete Microsoft).
      • Re: Re: samba password server POMOC 16.08.2005 | 20:26
        franta77   Návštevník
        Hmm, stale mne neni jasni jak to udelam tak aby kdyz natklikam adresu compu tak ptalo jmeno a heslo
        • Re: Re: Re: samba password server POMOC 18.08.2005 | 17:23
          franta77   Návštevník
          To tu snad nikdo neumi vyresit takovy maly problem?